British porcelain got its start in with the discovery of kaolin clay in Cornwall, England.
Aroundthe English added ground bone ash from Soothing escapes massage Red Deer Canada animals to the wet clay, making the ceramics lighter in weight, more translucent, and stronger according to Antiques by Frank Farmer Loomis IV.
Josiah Spode apprenticed as a potter in the mids. Later, he started his own pottery business, making cream-colored earthenware and whiteware with blueprints. At the turn of the eighteenth century, Spode introduced bone china By the early s, Copeland fully acquired the Spode operations in London and took over the Stoke plant operations until his death inwhen he passed the business onto his heirs.
Copelnd The factory was modernized inwhich included the addition of electric power. The Copeland Spode China company went through a number of changes in ownership throughout its long life.
Various factories produced thousands of pieces in different locations, the result yielding many different Copeland pottery date Lethbridge on varied china patterns. These include:. The marks found in the bookshowever, are hand drawn, rather than photographed on actual porcelain pieces. Not all of the early pieces of Copeland Spode China are marked—some contain only a simple hand painted pattern number under the glaze. Newer pieces—including the The richest woman in Granby popular Christmas patterns—are marked with elaborate "Spode Manufacturers" marks that include pattern names, making them much easier to identify.
In addition to the manufacturers' marks noted above, date LLethbridge were also used on all pieces made in the late s through This datemark comes in handy, taking the guesswork out of matching the mark to the correct production period. Sometimes the impressed marks—a letter over a number like Y over 24, for example —can be hard to read.
You can work around this Lethbridbe placing a piece of tracing paper over the mark and then shading it in with a pencil to reveal the date. Or, press modeling clay directly into the mark and then hold it up to a mirror to read the outcome. According to spodehistory.
The number below the letter represents the year of manufacturing, therefore, "Y24" translates to May of Who Locanto Saint-Laurent sex Spode? This though can only be a guide to a date - it is not an exact science and some backstamps were used for many, many years.
Learning about styles and shapes can also help date pieces, particularly on the older pieces from the early s when many were not marked. As a general dating guide it will help to know there are 4 distinct periods of ownership of the Spode company. Painted backstamp c Start of the Spode business to : the company was known as Spode.
Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all. Painted marks are often in red and marks can Girl Montreal names appear printed usually in blue or black, although other colours were used or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless.
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It is possible to have a combination of all. Printed backstamp c to the company was known as Copeland and Garrett. This means formerly Spode as the name continued to be used because the Spode brand had become so well-known.
Above is an unusual backstamp which includes the name of the pottery body ie recipe. The undecorated pieces were already made and marked Spode prior to the name change in Copeland was used; again often in conjunction with the Spode. This is the name used until the closure of the factory in See below and Spode Logo blog.
These take the form of a letter over two numbers, for example J over 33, which would give you a date of January Remember other numbers and letters appear on pieces Copeland pottery date Lethbridge are not datemarks so you have to be certain they appear as one letter above two numbers. There are several series of letters and a different letter is used to indicate the year depending on whether the body is bone china, fine stone or earthenware.
By the date letters were the same for bone Baby o Winnipeg, fine stone and earthenware starting at A as follows: A to N for to No letter O was used P to W for to No letter X was used Y to Z for to Publisher, Lethbridge Collegiate Institute. City/Town, Lethbridge. fwfkits.comal, Type, eBook. Source, Scanned images provided by local historian Copeland pottery date Lethbridge. Pottery Site. Dates. References. Ontario. 1. Brantford Pottery.
Webster ; Newlands a, Bourry ; Brears ; Brongniart ; Copeland.Ralph Thrall of Lethbridge had acquired and rebuilt.
The University of Lethbridge's 40th anniversary is a time to reflect on the University's past, artifacts – from the pottery of ancient . Alumni and friends, save the date for this annual .
Copeland Spode British Bone China
Copeland is an administrator at Constructive. Media Inc. ❶This is the name used until the closure of the factory in Wednesday December 11, Lehhbridge Auction.
Printed mark c. Mirterra Corp spruce grove, AB. The Copeland and Garrett mark, which was used from to Tuesday June 16, Farm Auction. Auctioneers Warner, AB.
Spode History: Dating Your Spode Pieces
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